Nepal is a landlocked country bordered by China to the north and India on the remaining sides. Nepal is a diverse country filled with ethnic people and culture. One of the richest countries in bio-diversity, Nepal also offers staggering variation in altitude and geography. Owing to these facts, Nepal has been a popular travel destination for tourists from all around the world.
- Location: South Asia
- Geography: Himalayas, Hilly Region, Terai Plains
- Capital: Kathmandu
- Area: 147,181 sq. km
- Population: 31 million
- Political System: Federal Republic
- Major Religion: Hindu, Buddhist
- Time zone: GMT+5:45
- Official Language: Nepali
- Working Hours: 10 am to 5 pm
- Electricity: Excluding most remote areas, the electricity facility is available in all areas.
- Visa Information
The visas for tourists arriving in Nepal are called Tourist Visas. These can be easily obtained at the Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) in Kathmandu or at the Nepali diplomatic missions outside the country. On-Arrivals visas are also available at the TIA or the land entry points in Nepal. The tourist visa fees for 15 days is 25 USD, for 30 days is 40 USD, and for 90 days is 100 USD. For more information head to the website of the Department of Immigration.
- How to reach Nepal
Airways is the easiest access to get to Nepal. Tribhuvan International Airport at Kathmandu is the sole entry point to Nepal via air. Several airways including Nepal Airlines provide air services to and from Nepal. Roadways are the second most popular choices and various land entry points at the Nepal-Tibet and Nepal-India borders. Railways are accessible as well but it requires getting to India and crossing the border to Nepal.
- The Popular Destination to Visit
Nepal has a collection of must-go destinations for trekking, adventure sports, leisure activities, wildlife exploring, and mountain climbing. Everest Base Camp, Annapurna Circuit, Langtang Valley, Manaslu Circuit, Upper Mustang, and Gosainkunda are a few trekking destinations. Everest, Annapurna, Makalu, and Kanchenjunga regions offer various options for peak climbing and expeditions. For nature lovers, Bardia National park and Chitwan National Park are the ideal destinations. Janakpur, Lumbini, Swayambhunath, Boudhanath, and Pashupatinath are the pilgrimage sites in Nepal. Adventure sports grounds that offer a shot of adrenaline rush include Bhotekoshi (White water rafting), The Last Resort (Bungee Jumping and Canyoning), and Sarangkot (Zip-lining and Paragliding).
- Internet and Communication In Nepal
With government and privatized local companies involved, the internet and communication services have reached even to remote areas of Nepal. Excluding some of the most remote regions, Nepal has good internet and communication facilities. Wi-Fi and cellular data are the popular means of internet and communication in the country.
- Local currency and Foreign Exchange
The national currency of Nepal is NRs. There are foreign exchange offices available at the airports and tourist destinations to assist the foreign travelers for currency exchange. Carrying cash is important when traveling, especially in remote areas where banks and ATMs are available in lesser numbers than in urban areas.
- Weather and Climate
Nepal’s climate varies from one geographical location to another. The Himalayas are cold, the Hilly region holds moderate temperature and Terai is hot. Nepal has four different seasons: summer, winter, autumn, and spring. Summer starts in June and lasts up to August, autumn is from September to November, spring lasts up to May from March, and the remaining months are winter.
- People, Culture and Festivals
Nepal is home to people with a different culture and religion. Majority of people follow Hinduism and the rest follow Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, and many more. Brahmins, Chhetri, Thakuri, Magar, Gurung, Tamang, Sherpa, Newar, and many other ethnic communities bring their culture and festivals making Nepal rich is cultural diversity. Dashain, Tihar, Eid, Lhosar, Christmas, and Chhath, are some of the prominent festivals in Nepal.